The foundation is a fundamental part of a construction. Its existence is very vital, because it can determine the quality of a construction. Almost all types of construction require a foundation in the process, be it a bridge, building, housing, or various other buildings. so, for workers and engineers must pay attention and apply how to make the right foundation. This process starts from the selection of materials and materials to the next stage to finishing the foundation.
The most common foundation materials include concrete mixtures, both ready mix concrete and manual concrete, iron, both unwoven, and woven or wiremesh and split stone.
Function A foundation in a building
The foundation plays an important role in a construction. Its basic function is to transfer construction loads to the soil layer. So do not be surprised if a foundation can have a certain depth, adjusted to the weight of the concrete and the structure above it. The higher the building, the deeper and stronger the foundation is made.
With such an important function, how to make a foundation is not a trivial matter. A good foundation will determine the strength of the structure so that it can withstand exposure to strong winds, earthquakes, and soil activity underneath. To fulfill this function, a foundation is made with certain terms and conditions. Civil workers certainly have to understand it correctly because it will have a significant effect on a construction building.
Requirements for Making a Foundation General requirements that must be met in how to make the foundation include:
- The base of the foundation must be of a shape, size and structure against the ground. Thus, the ground can withstand the forces acting on it. Against the ground.
- Buildings may not move
- The foundation structure must be strong enough so that it is not easily broken
- Adjust the selection of the type of foundation that will be used as the substructure.
How to Make a Chicken Claw Foundation
In the world of construction, there are several types of foundations that can be applied. Some of them may be familiar to us, such as the foundation of chicken claw, which is quite popularly used as a home foundation for housing. In the previous material, we have discussed the chicken claw foundation system in more detail on the ins and outs of the chicken claw foundation model and design. For more details, here are several types of foundations and how to make a foundation that can give an idea of how a building is able to stand firmly thanks to the contribution of this building’s foundation. Several types of foundations are commonly used. Chicken claw foundation is one of them. The basis of this foundation system is the existence of a tube (claw) that is deliberately planted in the ground. There is also an element in the form of a monolith plate. The two are connected so as to make the plate stronger to withstand the load.
In general, the pavement material for this foundation consists of thin reinforced concrete slabs 10-17 cm thick which are linked by concrete tubes (claws) 120 cm in diameter, 8 cm thick, and 150-200 cm long pipes, which are embedded in the subgrade layer, with a pipe spacing from 2.0 to 2.5 m. Under the concrete slab, there is a ± 10 cm thick layer of lean concrete (made of low-quality concrete) and a ± 30 cm thick layer of gravel, which functions to make the subgrade surface flat so that the concrete leg slabs can be embedded on it. In the stages and how to make this foundation, there is a term for a concrete pipe which is known as chicken claw. The chicken claw system has been widely applied to several buildings, such as tall buildings, power plants, swimming pools, warehouses, bridges, toll road airport towers, and others.
How to Make a Foundation for a Home
For a building to stand firmly and also be durable, it must have a strong foundation. It is experts in this field who should build this important plaing structure. so do not be surprised if how to make a foundation that is not easy requires supervision from those who are experienced in their fields. The construction of houses and other buildings is quite complicated, takes a lot of time and a long process. Not only that, the costs required are also quite large.
For the construction process of a residential building yourself, there are several stages, one of which is the installation of the house foundation. This stage is one of the keys, to determine the quality that is the basis of construction durability.
The use of competent human resources for foundation applications is very important to avoid many mistakes that can occur. In addition, the determination of the type of foundation suitable for each house with its own characteristics, both the type of structure and the type of land, must be taken into account.
Here are the factors for choosing the right foundation for the house:
• Type of structure
• Type of soil
Chicken claw is one of the most common types of foundation used in Indonesia. Apart from these types of foundations, there are other types and ways of making foundations. One of them is the foundation for stage type housing. Of course, the application and how to create it will be very different from the previous types of foundations. We can term this foundation with a pile foundation. Pile foundation is a foundation that uses reinforced beams. Of course, it must be strong and sturdy because it has to withstand all the weight of the existing structure. This design provides stability and safety for residential buildings in the long term. This type of foundation for a house on stilts must be made deep enough with a soft soil character, such as sandy soil.
Materials and How to Make a Foundation
Building engineering is always evolving. So it’s no wonder that in this field there are always innovations that are better solutions to construction problems. For the foundation itself, from time to time the best way to make it is always found.
This includes the selection of materials for the foundation which has varied over time. In the end it also made significant developments in how to make the foundations for today’s homes and buildings. Here are some materials that are often used as the foundation for houses and buildings in general:
This type of stone foundation is very strong and suitable for the construction of residential houses with quite heavy designs. Stone is strong enough to withstand building structures, dead loads and live loads. The house will stand firmly on this type of foundation.
Many choices of wood types. However, those that are suitable for the foundation must be selected the best. This is because a foundation will be the basis for supporting the load of the building. Pine or oak are the most commonly used. This type of foundation is recommended for small wooden buildings.
In today’s modern buildings, brick is widely applied as a foundation. To be strong and sturdy, it is reinforced with cement. This foundation is suitable in the construction of houses and buildings without basements.
Those were some of the materials, materials and also how to make a foundation. In fact, the foundation is an important part in construction to ensure a building is able to stand firm and provide a sense of security for the occupants.