Building a building whether in the form of a house or a bridge is not an easy matter. In addition to building design, you also need to pay attention to the building materials used. Choosing the right building material will make your building stand firm and durable in use for a long time. Before discussing further regarding how to choose the right building material, let’s first identify the building materials, the advantages and disadvantages as follows:
The first building material is brick. Bricks have been around for tens of thousands of years and are still in use today. But that doesn’t mean this material doesn’t have flaws. Here are the advantages and disadvantages of bricks. The advantages are:
- Easy to find and tested for durability
- The temperature is cold so it is very comfortable to live in when the weather is hot
- More durable and strong because it is made by burning
- Installation is easy and does not require special adhesives.
- Can be used flexibly to build large and small fields
- The transportation is easier because the size is not too big
- Easier to install without special knowledge
- More fireproof
- More resistant to hair cracks
While the drawbacks:
- The price is quite expensive compared to the brick
- The volume dimensions are smaller than the brick
- The drying time is quite time consuming when compared to other materials
Batako is a building material consisting of a mixture of sand and cement. The advantages of building blocks are:
- They are larger than bricks, so they require less bricks than bricks in a building
- The blocks are also the same size so they are tidier and easier to cut for a fireplace
- It is lighter than brick because it has cavities in it so it is more suitable for two-story buildings or other buildings that rely on columns for strength
- Watertight so that it can minimize rainwater infiltration and is lighter than bricks.
- More heat resistant
While the shortcomings of concrete blocks in general:
- Easy to crack and easy to perforate because there is a cavity in the middle
- Less strong than bricks so it is not suitable for one-story buildings that use walls as their structural strength
- Makes the room hotter when the weather is hot due to its heat-resistant properties
Another building material is stone, especially natural stone which is commonly used for decorative and construction materials. Stone is used for the construction of a bathroom, garden or fence in your house. Rooms such as kitchens and garages rarely use stone because of the character of the stone itself, which is easy to get dirty and difficult to clean. Some of the stones used in construction are marble, palimanan, granite, andhesite to slate.
Furthermore, there are wood materials that are commonly used as roofing materials or building walls. Wood is also commonly used for the floors of your home and is suitable for use in all seasons. However, wood has a higher price than brick or brick. Wood can be used in various dimensions and shapes so as to accelerate the building process. Wood is more resistant to pressure and flexible so it’s easy to work with. The drawback of this wood is that it is sensitive to moisture so it is easily attacked by insects such as termites. Wood is also not fire resistant so further processing is required when used in fire prone areas.
Metal is the strongest building material so it is often used for skyscrapers. These metals can be steel, silver to titanium. Steel and silver are used most often because they are more flexible and durable even when rusted. There are also those who use titanium for building structures even though the price is quite expensive. Iron is also often used as a building material for bridges that require strong compressive power.
Another building material is sand which is often used as a cement mixture. The sand grains are sharper and stronger to make adhesives for bricks and foundations. Sand can also be used as a mixture for ceramic adhesives. To get quality sand you need to clench it because if it is clumping, the sand is of less quality. Choose sand that has a silt content of approximately 5%. Good sand also does not contain too much organic matter and is not sea sand.
There are also pipes used for building construction materials. This pipe is used for the formation of walls, roofs and connecting water and drains for the bathroom. Ordinary pipes are made of carbon steel, stainless steel, PVC and so on. The existence of a pipe helps to channel rainwater into the water channel so that it does not settle in one place.
Cement is a building material that is difficult not to use because of its importance. Cement can be used to build houses, bridges and roads. Cement is used as an adhesive for other building materials so that it is tidier and stronger. Cement is also used to make other building materials such as concrete blocks.
Tips for Choosing a Good Building Material
The many types of building materials used certainly make you have to be selective in choosing these building materials. There are several tips that are used to get good material, namely:
Every good ingredient has its own characteristics
Each building material has its own characteristics to make it easier for you to identify it. For example in choosing tile for the needs of the roof of your house. You can use ceramic tile which has high durability so it is often used for ancient buildings such as temples. A good ceramic tile usually makes a loud sound when you tap it. Choose ceramic tile that has a glazing dye material that is known to be more durable.
If a brick is tapped on its surface, it will make a sound. A good brick also doesn’t absorb much water when you soak it for 24 hours. A good concrete bar also has a consistent size from end to end.
Consider the climate in which you are building
You also need to consider the climate of the building site you want to build. If your building location has a hot climate, then brick material can be the right choice. The house will be cooler when the weather is hot. Choose a building material that has pores like bricks so that the temperature inside the house is cool. If you live in a cold area, metal or concrete blocks will be more appropriate.
Pay attention to the maintenance and energy required
In order not to incur a lot of costs in the future you also need to consider the maintenance aspect of these building materials. Choose materials that use easy maintenance and are cheaper. That way your spending on building materials is not over budget. Building materials that use large amounts of electrical energy will also cost a lot of money. Choose building materials that can save energy. For example, take advantage of windows to provide air circulation to make it cooler.
Don’t forget to choose a building material distributor that has a credible reputation. That way you get quality building materials at the best prices. After seeing the reviews above, what do you think are you ready to choose the right building materials from now on?